Storing wine for the appropriate amount of time at an ideal temperature will allow it to reach and maintain peak drink ability. Too warm and some aspects of the wine will mature and start to decline before other desirable traits have had time to be optimized. Too cold and the wine will not reach an ideal drink ability in your lifetime.
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Temperature is the most important factor and the factor that should be sought after above all others. The optimum temperature is 50 to 57F (10-13C). However, any constant temperature within 40-65F (5-18C) will do. More important than the actual temperature you will be able to achieve, is the degree and rapidity of fluctuation the wine is subjected to. A slow change of temperature of ten or so degrees between winter and summer is not a big problem. But this kind of fluctuation on a daily or weekly basis will cause damage to your wines and age them prematurely. You will notice damage of this nature from the sticky deposit that often forms around the capsule. In time, as the wine expands and contracts, it will damage the integrity of the cork.
Wines kept at too high a temperature will age faster than wines kept at a cold temperature. Theoretically, wines kept at 68F will age twice as fast as those kept at 50F. At 55F (12C) wines will age so slowly with ultimately greater complexity that you will never have to worry about them. This is not to say the colder the better. Wine that is stored too cold can develop deposits or other suspensions in the wine. Finally, keep in mind that white wines are affected far more by temperature problems than red wines. Back

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A Wine Storage Facility Is A Necessity.
Fine Wines are worth paying extra for only if you can store and eventually serve them in good condition. Wine needs to be kept in a clean, dark,damp place with good ventilation, and security, where it can be stored vibration free at a constant temperature.